I have decided to use 200WAD to write about philosophy and specifically about what we can learn from the Wiener Moderne, or Viennese Modern Age. This will be a series of articles on the subject and I have yet to decide exactly how the series will be structured, whether each article will be dedicated to an author or artist, or to a concept. Most probably I will write about general themes such as identity over the span of a few articles and perhaps give them a better structure at a later stage.
So, what is the Wiener Moderne? I believe it can be described as a movement of thought which took place in Austria, and specifically Vienna, at the turn of the now before-last century, i.e. towards 1890-1914. It can be identified as a modernist movement and it affected the entire scope of the humanities; literature, philosophy, architecture, art, music, but also science and specifically psychology, most notably through the works of Sigmund Freud.
To my mind, this movement is fascinating to study, because it changed everything in the way we consider and think about human nature. It is extremely relevant to our current day and age because its main focus and obsession was with the individual. In today's terms, we would say that it was a total game-changer. It is also exciting to study because it is filled with real bad-ass characters such as Sigmund Freud, Lou-Andreas Salomé, Friedrich Nietzsche, Gustav Klimt, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Robert Müsil and Franz Kafka, to name the most famous ones.