HTML or Hyper Text Markup Language is a language used to make websites. HTML is a markup language that format content and change how the content looks.
The word markup language is derived from the marking up of manuscripts, where handwritten markups were annotated in the form of printer instructions. HTML represents the most popular markup language.
HTML was developed by the British physicist Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1990, and it has gone through so many evolutions since HTML is an evolving language.
HTML doesn’t stay the same for long before it’s revision with a new set of standards and specifications that brings prettier and more efficient websites.
Since HTML was invented, it had several versions:
• HTML 1.0: This was the was the first release of HTML to the world.
• HTML 2.0: This is the second version, and it was introduced in 1995. This version included everything from the original 1.0 version but added a few new features.
• HTML 3.2: It was the first version developed and standardized only by the World Wide Web Consortium, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was founded by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1994.
• HTML 4.0: In 1997, the World Wide Web Consortium released HTML 4.0. and had three versions:
• HTML 4.0 was later reissued with smaller changes in 1998. without changing the version number.
• HTML 4.01: HTML 4.01 was released in December 1999.
• XHTML: This version was introduced in 2000 and it was recommended to be used as the joint-standard with HTML 4.01.
• HTML5: The World Wide Web Consortium published HTML5 in October 2014.