Today I had an annual checkup with my family doctors and he gave me feedback about my blood and urine test result. However, it was a quick moment to digest what he said and there were many medical terminologies and acronyms without definitions or declaration in the result web page. I would like to understand them more. So today I will walk through each item in a blood test and urine test with my word.
The tests I took are as follows:
- CBC W/ AUTO DIFFERENTIAL
- COMPREHENSIVE METABOLIC PANEL - Details
- LIPID PANEL - Details
- TSH RFX ON ABNORMAL TO FREE T4 - Details
- UA W MICROSCOPIC (C&S IF INDICATED) - Details
- MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION - Details
Disclaimer: this is the first time to take a blood test and urine test in the U.S. and I am not a doctor. The test itself can also vary from people to people. Please do not take it as it is. Also, it would be great if you can share with me great material.
CBC W/ Auto Differential = Blood Test
CBC stands for Complete Blood Count. Now it is easy to understand what it is. "W/" is shorthand for "with." According to the National Cancer Institute, this test measures
- the number of red and white blood cells, platelets (starching blood)
- the amount of hemoglobin (oxygen carrier) and hematocrit (ratio of red blood)
I did not find a clear definition of "with auto differential" but I guess it will automatically classify different kinds of white blood cells.
This is useful to diagnose more than 10 disorder or sickness (see the list)
COMPREHENSIVE METABOLIC PANEL - Details = Blood Test
This is also a part of a blood test, which measures sugar level and electrolyte (to see the balance between a plus and minus ion in our blood) according to Michigan Medicine UoM.
It can also check the function of our kidney that keeps the right balance of water, salts, and minerals in the blood and liver that helps to digest foods and produce some vitamins.
LIPID PANEL - Details = Blood Test
Lipid is a kind of fat such as cholesterol (and triglycerides). So lipid panel means to measure the amount of good and bad fat in our blood. 12-hour fasting is required because of this test.
We will see the rest tomorrow.